Tens of thousands of demonstrators gathered in the Romanian capital Bucharest on Saturday, 24 hours after more than 450 people were hurt and about 30 arrested in a huge anti-corruption protest.
Police came in for criticism after they used water cannon and tear gas on Friday to disperse protesters calling on the Leftwing government to resign.
Many demonstrators needed treatment after inhaling pepper spray and tear gas, while others suffered blows, hospital sources said.
About 30 police were also injured, 11 of whom were taken to hospital.
Massive crowds gathered in downtown Bucharest on Saturday night, watched by security forces as they chanted: "Down with the government" and "Justice, not corruption".
"I came after seeing what happened on Friday on television – the brutality of the police against peaceful people," said Floarea Toader, 64, the national yellow, blue and red flag draped across her shoulders.
"My children work in Spain and they would like to come back. But for now that’s not possible as the politicians are only interested in themselves and do nothing for anyone else."
Some four million people have left the country – one of the European Union’s poorest – in the last 15 years, seeking a better life than that offered by Romania’s average monthly wage of just 520 euros (£465).
EU's richer members are paying price for Eastern states' endemic corruption
Police rejected criticism from the centre-Right opposition that its officers had used excessive force on Friday, saying its response to violence by dozens of protesters had been "gradual and proportionate".
Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz, whose country currently holds the EU rotating presidency, criticised the violence, in which a cameraman for Austria’s public broadcaster was also hurt.
"We strongly condemn the violent clashes in Bucharest where numerous demonstrators and journalists were injured. We expect full explanations," he said on Twitter.
Local media said up to 80,000 people had taken to the streets, among them many Romanian expatriates who returned home to show their anger at the graft in one of the EU’s most corruption-plagued member states.
About 1,000 officers in riot gear intervened to clear the crowds assembled in a central square outside the main government building after some protesters tried to break through the police cordon.
Eugene, a 62-year-old construction worker, travelled specially to Bucharest on Friday to protest at what he said was "endemic corruption".
"But things quickly turned bad: they fired tear gas at us, it was unbearable."
Another demonstrator, Madalina, 22, said of Friday’s clashes: "We couldn’t breathe and we had to seek shelter in the surrounding streets."
Romania’s centre-Right President Klaus Iohannis, a critic of the government, said he "strongly condemned the brutal intervention of the police, which was disproportionate to the attitude of most demonstrators" but added that "any form of violence is unacceptable".
Prime Minister Viorica Dancila, in turn, accused Iohannis of "inciting the population against the authorities".